The hurtful thing about coccidia is that it is contagious. When one of your dogs is diagnosed to have coccidiosis, you need to double-check on your other dogs and keep them as safe as possible. There are many factors that affect coccidia transmission. Therefore, as a responsible pet owner, you should also avoid these factors in order for your dogs to be safe from coccidia infection.
The following are factors affecting coccidia transmission.
Poor sanitation and High Levels of Fecal Contamination– Poor sanitation basically facilitates coccidia transmission. When feces stay longer on the ground, they have all the chances to develop further into coccidia parasites. Coccidia is transmitted when dog step on faecally contaminated soil and lick their paws, or when they happen to ingest the soil itself. Poor sanitation also invites other intestinal infections to occur, as well as gives chance for other dog parasites to grow.
Poor Nutrition – Poor nutrition will breakdown the formation of healthy intestinal tract and weakened the immune system. This is the reason why even older dogs can get coccidia parasites because they are not well buffed with the nutrients needed to fight against it. Starving dogs are also more likely to eat animal feces and contaminated foods, which is why they exhibit symptoms of dog parasites.
Humid environment – Oocyst matures faster in humid temperatures. When it is left unclean within 8 hours, it immediately grows and turns into coccidia parasites, which if ingested by dogs will immediately transmit into the intestinal tracts and destroy it. Temperatures between 27 – 37 degrees also allow faster oocyst development, thus; affecting coccidia transmission.
Overcrowding of animals – Places where animals overcrowd, such as barding kennels and pet shop can be very dangerous for coccidia transmission. Susceptible dogs that are placed at close proximity with coccidia can easily be infected with the disease.
Immune Suppression – Animals that have diseases ever since when they are young can be easily infected with coccidia. For instance, immunosuppressant diseases and bone marrow disorders make puppies weak, allowing more oocyst to shed in their feces.