When your dogs show symptoms of coccidia, it is not good to ignore it. Bringing your pets to the vets will help you determine whether or not your dog is already having coccidia. There are three known coccidia diagnosis in dogs done by laboratories to confirm whether or not your dog is suffering from coccidiosis.
Fecal Flotation – The fecal flotation is one of the microscopic tests done to examine whether or not an oocyst exist in the dog’s intestine. During this test, a feces sample is taken from the suspected dog. In the laboratory or clinic, the sample is mixed with a suspension of sodium nitrate solution. During fecal flotation, the feces which are heavier sink into the bottom while the oocyst which is lighter floats on the surface. Through the use of microscope, the vet will then examine for the presence of oocyst in the solution.
Fecal Smear/Wet Prep – The Fecal Smear also known as wet prep, is a simple test done with extra-fresh fecal and rectal swabs. During the fecal smear, the vet takes a small sample of dog’s feces and place into a slide together with the saline solution. After putting the cover slip, the vet then examines the slide through the microscope and examine for some parasites.
Fecal Oocyst Culture – In the fecal oocyst culture, the vet simply waits for the oocyst to mature from the feces sample taken from the infected dogs. In this case, the vet places the sample in a well conditioned temperature and wait for a few days for the oocyst to grow into detectable parasites.
Intestinal Biopsy- The intestinal biopsy diagnosis in dogs is a more invasive procedure. This is only done when all other types of diagnosis in dogs, which include fecal smear, fecal flotation, and fecal oocyst, have failed.
Coccidia diagnosis in dogs is very important. Vets do not immediately administer coccidia treatment when they are not sure if the symptoms are caused by coccidia. Likewise, if you know some medicines that cure coccidia, you still have to make sure if the dogs’ symptoms are caused by the disease in order to avoid over dosage.